There are three stages of gum disease:
- Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease. Inflammation of the gums caused by plaque build-up at the gumline. If daily brushing and
flossing do not remove the plaque, it produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gums, causing gingivitis. You may notice some bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this early stage in gum
disease, damage is reversible, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.
- Periodontitis: At this stage, the supporting bone and fibres that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to form a
pocket below the gumline, which traps food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage.
- Advanced Periodontitis:
In this final stage of gum disease, the fibres and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed, which can cause your teeth to
move or become loose. This can affect your bite and, if aggressive treatment can't save them, teeth may need to be removed.
How Do I Know if I Have Gum
Gum disease can occur at any age, but it is most common among adults. If detected in its early stages, gum disease can be
reversed - The following are some of the signs and symptoms of gum disease:
- Gums that are red, puffy or swollen, or tender
- Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
- Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from your teeth, creating a pocket
- Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded
- Pus coming from between your teeth and gums
- Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth