What is gum disease?

It is imperative that any gum disease is well under control before embarking on any advanced restorative or rehabilitation work. We therefore put a lot of emphasis on bringing gum disease under control prior to treatment planning any restorative treatment.

There are three stages of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis:This is the earliest stage of gum disease. Inflammation of the gums caused by plaque build-up at the gumline. If daily brushing and flossing do not remove the plaque, it produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gums, causing gingivitis. You may notice some bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this early stage in gum disease, damage is reversible, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.
  • Periodontitis:At this stage, the supporting bone and fibres that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to form a pocket below the gumline, which traps food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage.
  • Advanced Periodontitis:In this final stage of gum disease, the fibres and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed, which can cause your teeth to move or become loose. This can affect your bite and, if aggressive treatment can't save them, teeth may need to be removed.